Trade Facilitation Agreement In Services

The aim of this article is to present two trends related to trade policy development and transportation facilitation, namely the growing importance of the hard infrastructure dimension and new governance systems based on public-private partnerships. All 34 countries indicated that they had made changes during and after the introduction of UNCTAD`s empowerment programme. 10 countries have introduced support legislation, 20 elaborate mandates, 20 trade facilitation roadmaps and 26 notifications to prepare the WTO TFA. Aveek Chakravarthy (CTEI Working Paper) points out that countries are implementing national regulations against sensitive areas such as visa legalization. “It may therefore be desirable to proceed step by step, with greater impetus for reforms that might be acceptable to most states. In this context, fashion 3 reforms, with greater government cooperation and regulatory uniformity would be ideal to begin with, considering that these measures are also beneficial for services exports as well as imports. -chakravarthy. SDG 10: Reducing inequality within and between countries SDG Objective 10.a: implementation of the principle of special and differentiated treatment for developing countries, especially the least developed countries, in accordance with World Trade Organization agreements The draft TFS was presented in February 2017 to the Council for Trade in Services and the Group “Internal Regulation” (WPDR). The WPDR is the existing negotiating forum within the WTO for the liberalisation of trade in services. Bureaucratic delays and “bureaucracy” weigh on traders for cross-border trade. Trade facilitation – the simplification, modernization and harmonization of export and import processes – has therefore become an important issue for the global trading system. Feedback shows that the empowerment programme has helped countries prepare for WTO trade facilitation negotiations and the agreement itself. Today, 103 countries have implemented NTFCs, according to the UNCTAD (UNCTAD, 2020c) repository.

Twenty-nine of these committees have only been created since 2016. Effective measures to improve commercial logistics require a coordinated effort between public and private stakeholders. This is why, in practice, NTF companies are made up of public and private organizations that participate in trade facilitation, but also in commercial logistics. Some countries have even decided to have a private association that chairs or co-chairs the NTFs. This is the case in the East African Community (EAC) countries, where the private sector places the NTFCs of the ABC countries at the forefront. Such practices demonstrate political support for trade logisticians to provide inputs in the development of trade facilitation measures. NTF companies exchange views and discuss trade issues related to transportation, customs, quality control, safety and security. That is why the TFA (through NTF and NTF provisions) has launched new governance systems based on public-private partnerships. Since 2016, UNCTAD has developed capacity in 56 countries around the world to improve its trade facilitation. 34 of them were in Africa, 10 in Latin America and the Caribbean and 12 in Asia and Oceania. A total of 21 countries were SIDS and 17 LLDc (see map 1). 60% of the capacity was in English, 35% in French and 5% in Portuguese.

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