Entente Agreement Definition

A number of key people have been instrumental in promoting understanding between Britain and Russia. The Russian ambassador to Britain, Sergei Dmitrievich Sazonov, was on a 1904-07 mission to Britain. Russian Foreign Minister Alexander Petrovich Isvolsy worked with his allies in the government to promote the deal. He supported the Entente despite domestic political opposition and managed to introduce an agreement with Japan in 1907. Cecil Spring-Rice was British ambassador to Moscow from 1903-06 and again from 1906-08 to Tehran. Conversely, Arthur Nicholson, who had previously served in Tehran, became British ambassador to Moscow in 1906. The turning point in British engagement came with the election of the Liberal government in 1906 and the appointment of Sir Edward Grey as Foreign Secretary. Since 1918, the Entente has been attributed to concern for the rise of Germany. But the agreements did not mention Europe, they focused on Persia, Tibet and Afghanistan. There were good reasons why Britain and Russia focused on this area, including resolving historical tensions around the region, which date back to the 1830s and had been referred to as the “Great Game.” When the Russo-Japanese War was to break out, France and Britain were about to be dragged alongside their respective allies in the conflict. France was firmly allied with Russia, while Britain had recently signed the Anglo-Japanese Alliance. In order not to go to war, “the two powers discouraged their old rivalry”[7] and resolved their differences in Africa, America, Asia and the Pacific. To this end, Theophile Delcassé and Lord Lansdowne, Foreign Secretary of the United Kingdom, negotiated an agreement on colonial affairs, and Lord Lansdowne and Paul Cambon, French Ambassador to Britain, signed the resulting agreement on April 8, 1904 .[8] In 1901, Russia opened two consulates in Persia and invested in the Persian railways.

The two countries shared a border of more than two thousand kilometers. Persia was an important export market for Russian production. The agreement divided Persia into three zones, a large Russian area to the north and two smaller areas, one that dominated neither country and a British area to the south. The Entente Cordiale (French debate: [ɑensuitt kɔʁdjal]) was a series of agreements concluded on 8 April 1904, the United Kingdom and the French Republic were signed and allowed a significant improvement in Anglo-French relations. [1] Beyond the immediate concerns of colonial expansion raised by the agreement, the signing of the Entente Cordiale marked the end of nearly a thousand years of intermittent conflicts between the two states and their predecessors, replacing the modus vivendi, which had existed since the end of the Napoleonic Wars in 1815, with a more formal agreement. [2] The Entente Cordiale was the culmination of the policy of Théophile Delcassé, French Foreign Minister of 1898, who believed that a Franco-British entente would give France some security against any German alliance system in Western Europe. French Ambassador Paul Cambon and British Foreign Secretary Lord Lansdowne owe the success of the negotiations. International agreements did not mean that nations that united were automatically allied, even though such agreements made wider cooperation more likely and did not always reflect mutual trust and values. Contracts were a diplomatic way to reduce the risk of war by identifying possible hot spots and granting interest-sharing.

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